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Thailand Economy
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $477.5 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
6.7% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
purchasing power parity - $7,400 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 9.8%
industry: 44%
services: 46.3% (2003)
Investment (gross fixed):
25.5% of GDP (2003)
Population below poverty line:
10.4% (2002 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 2.8%
highest 10%: 32.4% (1998)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
41.4 (1998)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
1.8% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
34.9 million (2003 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture 49%, industry 14%, services 37% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate:
2.2% (2003 est.)
Budget:
revenues: $24.41 billion
expenditures: $24.01 billion, including capital expenditures of $5 billion (2003 est.)
Public debt:
46.6% of GDP (2003)
Industries:
tourism, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing such as jewelry, electric appliances and components, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics, world's second-largest tungsten producer, and third-largest tin producer
Industrial production growth rate:
12.3% (2003 est.)
Electricity - production:
97.6 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 91.3%
hydro: 6.4%
other: 2.4% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
90.91 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
200 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
350 million kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
173,800 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
785,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Oil - proved reserves:
600 million bbl (1 January 2003)
Natural gas - production:
18.73 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
23.93 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
5.2 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
368.2 billion cu m (1 January 2003)
Agriculture - products:
rice, cassava (tapioca), rubber, corn, sugarcane, coconuts, soybeans
Current account balance:
$9.44 billion (2003)
Exports:
$75.99 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities:
computers, office machine parts, transistors, rubber, vehicles (cars and trucks), plastic, seafood (2002)
Exports - partners:
US 17%, Japan 14.2%, Singapore 7.3%, China 7.1%, Hong Kong 5.4%, Malaysia 4.8% (2003 est.)
Imports:
$65.3 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities:
capital goods, intermediate goods and raw materials, consumer goods, fuels (2000)
Imports - partners:
Japan 24.1%, US 9.5%, China 8%, Malaysia 6%, Singapore 4.3%, Taiwan 4.2% (2003 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold:
$42.15 billion (2003)
Debt - external:
$53.75 billion (2003 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
$131.5 million (1998 est.)
Currency:
baht (THB)
Currency code:
THB
Exchange rates:
baht per US dollar - 41.4846 (2003), 42.9601 (2002), 44.4319 (2001), 40.1118 (2000), 37.8137 (1999)
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