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Syria Economy
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $58.01 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
0.9% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
purchasing power parity - $3,300 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 28.5%
industry: 29.4%
services: 42.1% (2003 est.)
Investment (gross fixed):
13.6% of GDP (2003)
Population below poverty line:
20% (2003 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
1.5% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
4.97 million (2003 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture, industry, services NA
Unemployment rate:
20% (2002 est.)
Budget:
revenues: $6.106 billion
expenditures: $7.397 billion, including capital expenditures of $3.6 billion (2003 est.)
Public debt:
89% of GDP (2003)
Industries:
petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining
Industrial production growth rate:
NA
Electricity - production:
23.26 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 57.6%
hydro: 42.4%
other: 0% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
21.63 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
522,700 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
265,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Oil - proved reserves:
2.4 billion bbl (1 January 2002)
Natural gas - production:
5.84 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
5.84 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
240.7 billion cu m (1 January 2002)
Agriculture - products:
wheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas, olives, sugar beets; beef, mutton, eggs, poultry, milk
Current account balance:
$-72 million (2003)
Exports:
$5.143 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities:
crude oil, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat
Exports - partners:
Germany 19.9%, Italy 11.9%, Turkey 8.4%, UAE 7.2%, Lebanon 5.9%, France 5.1%, Croatia 4.6% (2003 est.)
Imports:
$4.845 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities:
machinery and transport equipment, electric power machinery, food and livestock, metal and metal products, chemicals and chemical products, plastics, yarn, paper
Imports - partners:
Germany 7%, Italy 7%, China 6.2%, France 5.8%, South Korea 4.7%, Turkey 4.5% (2003 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold:
$3.329 billion (2003)
Debt - external:
$21.55 billion (2003 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
$199 million (1997 est.)
Currency code:
SYP
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