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Russia Communication
Telephones - main lines in use:
35.5 million (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
17,608,800 (2002)
Telephone system:
general assessment: the telephone system underwent significant changes in the 1990s; there are more than 1,000 companies licensed to offer communication services; access to digital lines has improved, particularly in urban centers; Internet and e-mail services are improving; Russia has made progress toward building the telecommunications infrastructure necessary for a market economy; however, a large demand for main line service remains unsatisfied
domestic: cross-country digital trunk lines run from Saint Petersburg to Khabarovsk, and from Moscow to Novorossiysk; the telephone systems in 60 regional capitals have modern digital infrastructures; cellular services, both analog and digital, are available in many areas; in rural areas, the telephone services are still outdated, inadequate, and low density
international: country code - 7; Russia is connected internationally by three undersea fiber-optic cables; digital switches in several cities provide more than 50,000 lines for international calls; satellite earth stations provide access to Intelsat, Intersputnik, Eutelsat, Inmarsat, and Orbita systems
Radios:
61.5 million (1997)
Radio broadcast stations:
AM 420, FM 447, shortwave 56 (1998)
Televisions:
60.5 million (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
7,306 (1998)
Internet country code:
.ru; Russia also has responsibility for a legacy domain ".su" that was allocated to the Soviet Union, and whose legal status and ownership are contested by the Russian Government, ICANN, and several Russian commercial entities
Internet hosts:
560,874 (2004)
Internet users:
6 million (2002)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
300 (June 2000)
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