CountryFacts.com > Portugal
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Portugal
Capital:
Lisbon
Population:
10,524,145 (July 2004 est.)
Flag
Background:
Following its heyday as a world power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence in 1822 of Brazil as a colony. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.
Government type:
parliamentary democracy
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $181.8 billion (2003 est.)
Internet users:
3.6 million (2002)
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