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Poland Economy
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $427.1 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
3.7% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
purchasing power parity - $11,100 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 3.1%
industry: 31%
services: 65.9% (2003 est.)
Investment (gross fixed):
18.4% of GDP (2003)
Population below poverty line:
18.4% (2000 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 3.2%
highest 10%: 24.7% (1998)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
31.6 (1998)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
0.7% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
16.92 million (2003 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture 27.5%, industry 22.1%, services 50.4% (1999)
Unemployment rate:
20% (2003)
Budget:
revenues: $39.13 billion
expenditures: $48.64 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2003)
Public debt:
47.4% of GDP (2003)
Industries:
machine building, iron and steel, coal mining, chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, textiles
Industrial production growth rate:
8.6% (2003)
Electricity - production:
135 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 98.1%
hydro: 1.5%
other: 0.4% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
118.8 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
11.04 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
4.306 billion kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
17,180 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
424,100 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
53,000 bbl/day (2001)
Oil - imports:
413,700 bbl/day (2001)
Oil - proved reserves:
116.4 million bbl (1 January 2002)
Natural gas - production:
5.471 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
13.85 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
41 million cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
8.782 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
154.4 billion cu m (1 January 2002)
Agriculture - products:
potatoes, fruits, vegetables, wheat; poultry, eggs, pork
Current account balance:
$-4.085 billion (2003)
Exports:
$57.6 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities:
machinery and transport equipment 30.2%, intermediate manufactured goods 25.5%, miscellaneous manufactured goods 20.9%, food and live animals 8.5% (1999)
Exports - partners:
Germany 33.4%, Italy 5.8%, France 5%, UK 4.8%, Czech Republic 4.4% (2003 est.)
Imports:
$63.65 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities:
machinery and transport equipment 38.2%, intermediate manufactured goods 20.8%, chemicals 14.3%, miscellaneous manufactured goods 9.5% (1999)
Imports - partners:
Germany 28.9%, Italy 8.1%, Russia 7.5%, France 7%, Netherlands 4.9% (2003 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold:
$33.96 billion (2003)
Debt - external:
$86.82 billion (2003)
Economic aid - recipient:
EU structural adjustment funds (2000)
Currency:
zloty (PLN)
Currency code:
PLN
Exchange rates:
zlotych per US dollar - 3.8891 (2003), 4.08 (2002), 4.0939 (2001), 4.3461 (2000), 3.9671 (1999)
note: zlotych is the plural form of zloty
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