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Philippines
Capital:
Manila
Population:
86,241,697 (July 2004 est.)
Flag
Background:
The Philippine Islands became a Spanish colony during the 16th century; they were ceded to the US in 1898 following the Spanish-American War. The islands attained their independence in 1946 after Japanese occupation in World War II. The 21-year rule of Ferdinand MARCOS ended in 1986, when a widespread popular rebellion forced him into exile. In 1992, the US closed its last military bases on the islands. The Philippines has had a series of electoral presidential transitions since the removal of MARCOS. The government continues to struggle with armed Muslim insurgencies in the south.
Government type:
republic
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $390.7 billion (2003 est.)
Internet users:
3.5 million (2002)
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