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Pakistan Economy
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $318 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
5.5% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
purchasing power parity - $2,100 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 23.3%
industry: 23.5%
services: 53.2% (2003 est.)
Investment (gross fixed):
12.9% of GDP (2003)
Population below poverty line:
35% (2001 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 4.1%
highest 10%: 27.6% (FY96/97)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
41 (FY98/99)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
2.9% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
43.98 million
note: extensive export of labor, mostly to the Middle East, and use of child labor (2003)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture 44%, industry 17%, services 39% (1999 est.)
Unemployment rate:
7.7% plus substantial underemployment (2003 est.)
Budget:
revenues: $12.08 billion
expenditures: $15.41 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2003 est.)
Public debt:
72.7% of GDP (2003)
Industries:
textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp
Industrial production growth rate:
7.6% (2003 est.)
Electricity - production:
66.96 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 68.8%
hydro: 28.2%
other: 0% (2001)
nuclear: 3%
Electricity - consumption:
62.27 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
62,870 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
365,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Oil - proved reserves:
297.1 million bbl (1 January 2002)
Natural gas - production:
23.4 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
23.4 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m NA (2001 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
695.6 billion cu m (1 January 2002)
Agriculture - products:
cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs
Current account balance:
$3.358 billion (2003)
Exports:
$11.7 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities:
textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, and yarn), rice, leather goods, sports goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs
Exports - partners:
US 22.6%, UAE 9.4%, UK 6.9%, Germany 5.3%, Saudi Arabia 4.2%, Hong Kong 4.2% (2003 est.)
Imports:
$12.51 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities:
petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel, tea
Imports - partners:
UAE 11.6%, China 11.5%, Saudi Arabia 10.5%, Kuwait 6.4%, Japan 6.3%, US 5.8%, Germany 4.4%, Malaysia 4% (2003 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold:
$11.67 billion (2003)
Debt - external:
$33.54 billion (2003 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
$2.4 billion (FY01/02)
Currency code:
PKR
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