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Nauru Government
Capital:
no official capital; government offices in Yaren District
Country name:
conventional long form: Republic of Nauru
conventional short form: Nauru
former: Pleasant Island
Government type:
republic
Administrative divisions:
14 districts; Aiwo, Anabar, Anetan, Anibare, Baiti, Boe, Buada, Denigomodu, Ewa, Ijuw, Meneng, Nibok, Uaboe, Yaren
Independence:
31 January 1968 (from the Australia-, NZ-, and UK-administered UN trusteeship)
National holiday:
Independence Day, 31 January (1968)
Constitution:
29 January 1968
Legal system:
acts of the Nauru Parliament and British common law
Suffrage:
20 years of age; universal and compulsory
Executive branch:
chief of state: President Ludwig SCOTTY (since 22 June 2004) note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
elections: president elected by Parliament for a three-year term; election last held 8 August 2003 (next to be held NA 2006)
election results: Rene HARRIS was removed from the presidency in no-confidence vote 22 June 2004; Ludwig SCOTTY became president
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of Parliament
head of government: President Ludwig SCOTTY (since 22 June 2004) note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Legislative branch:
unicameral Parliament (18 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms)
elections: last held 3 May 2003 (next to be held not later than May 2006)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - Nauru First Party 3, independents 15
Judicial branch:
Supreme Court
Political parties and leaders:
loose multiparty system; Democratic Party [Kennan ADEANG]; Nauru Party (informal) [leader NA]; Naoero Amo (Nauru First) Party [leader NA]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
NA
International organization participation:
ACP, AsDB, C, FAO, ICAO, ICCt, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO
Diplomatic representation from the US:
the US does not have an embassy in Nauru; the US Ambassador to Fiji is accredited to Nauru
Flag description:
blue with a narrow, horizontal, yellow stripe across the center and a large white 12-pointed star below the stripe on the hoist side; the star indicates the country's location in relation to the equator (the yellow stripe) and the 12 points symbolize the 12 original tribes of nauru
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