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Moldova Economy
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $7.792 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
6.3% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
purchasing power parity - $1,800 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 21%
industry: 27%
services: 52% (2003)
Investment (gross fixed):
17.2% of GDP (2003)
Population below poverty line:
80% (2001 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 2.2%
highest 10%: 30.7% (1997)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
40.6 (1997)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
11.6% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
1.383 million (2003)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture 40%, industry 14%, services 46% (1998)
Unemployment rate:
8% (roughly 25% of working age Moldovans are employed abroad) (2002 est.)
Budget:
revenues: $474.8 million
expenditures: $443.4 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2003 est.)
Public debt:
88.4% of GDP (2003)
Industries:
food processing, agricultural machinery, foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers, washing machines, hosiery, sugar, vegetable oil, shoes, textiles
Industrial production growth rate:
17% (2003 est.)
Electricity - production:
3.394 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 90.6%
hydro: 9.4%
other: 0% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
3.216 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
60 million kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
24,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
2.05 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
2.05 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products:
vegetables, fruits, wine, grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, tobacco; beef, milk
Current account balance:
$-135 million (2003)
Exports:
$790 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities:
foodstuffs, textiles, machinery
Exports - partners:
Russia 39%, Romania 11.4%, Italy 10.4%, Germany 7.1%, Ukraine 7.1%, Belarus 5.2%, US 4.3% (2003 est.)
Imports:
$1.34 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities:
mineral products and fuel 32%, machinery and equipment, chemicals, textiles (2000)
Imports - partners:
Ukraine 22%, Russia 13%, Germany 9.7%, Italy 8.3%, Romania 7% (2003 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold:
$302.3 million (2003)
Debt - external:
$1.515 billion (2003)
Economic aid - recipient:
$100 million (2000)
Currency code:
MDL
Exchange rates:
lei per US dollar - 13.9449 (2003), 13.5705 (2002), 12.8651 (2001), 12.4342 (2000), 10.5158 (1999)
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