CountryFacts.com > Malawi > Economy
Google
CountryFacts.com
Top 10 Countries *
United States
China
Japan
India
Germany
France
United Kingdom
Italy
Russia
Brazil
* By Gross Domestic
   Market (2002)
Malawi Economy
Economy - overview:
Landlocked Malawi ranks among the world's least developed countries. The economy is predominately agricultural, with about 90% of the population living in rural areas. Agriculture accounted for nearly 40% of GDP and 88% of export revenues in 2001. The economy depends on substantial inflows of economic assistance from the IMF, the World Bank, and individual donor nations. In late 2000, Malawi was approved for relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program. In November 2002 the World Bank approved a $50 million drought recovery package, which is to be used for famine relief. The government faces strong challenges, e.g., to fully develop a market economy, to improve educational facilities, to face up to environmental problems, to deal with the rapidly growing problem of HIV/AIDS, and to satisfy foreign donors that fiscal discipline is being tightened. The performance of the tobacco sector is key to short-term growth as tobacco accounts for over 50% of exports.
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $6.845 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
1.7% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
purchasing power parity - $600 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 51%
industry: 21.8%
services: 27.2% (2003 est.)
Investment (gross fixed):
12.3% of GDP (2003)
Population below poverty line:
55% (2003 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
9.5% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
4.5 million (2001 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture 90% (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate:
NA (2003 est.)
Budget:
revenues: $528.1 million
expenditures: $653.2 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2003)
Public debt:
235.7% of GDP (2003)
Industries:
tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods
Industrial production growth rate:
-1.6% (2003 est.)
Electricity - production:
769.2 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 3.3%
hydro: 96.7%
other: 0% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
715.3 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
5,400 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Agriculture - products:
tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, corn, potatoes, cassava (tapioca), sorghum, pulses; groundnuts, Macadamia nuts; cattle, goats
Current account balance:
$-58 million (2003)
Exports:
$455 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities:
tobacco 60%, tea, sugar, cotton, coffee, peanuts, wood products, apparel
Exports - partners:
South Africa 22.6%, US 13%, Germany 10.9%, Egypt 5.6%, Portugal 4.7%, Japan 4.3%, Netherlands 4%, Poland 4%, Russia 4% (2003 est.)
Imports:
$505 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities:
food, petroleum products, semimanufactures, consumer goods, transportation equipment
Imports - partners:
South Africa 48.8%, Zambia 13.4%, India 4.4% (2003 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold:
$132 million (2003)
Debt - external:
$3.026 billion (2003)
Economic aid - recipient:
$540 million (1999)
Currency code:
MWK
Fiscal year:
1 July - 30 June
Copyright © 2017 Digital Properties, LLC All Rights Reserved.