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Kazakhstan Economy
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $105.5 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
9.2% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
purchasing power parity - $6,300 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 7.7%
industry: 37.7%
services: 54.6% (2003 est.)
Investment (gross fixed):
23.9% of GDP (2003)
Population below poverty line:
26% (2001 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 2.8%
highest 10%: 27.3% (2001)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
35.4 (1996)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
6.6% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
7.634 million (2003)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture 20%, industry 30%, services 50% (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate:
8.8% (2003 est.)
Budget:
revenues: $6.729 billion
expenditures: $6.999 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2003 est.)
Public debt:
15.5% of GDP (2003)
Industries:
oil, coal, iron ore, manganese, chromite, lead, zinc, copper, titanium, bauxite, gold, silver, phosphates, sulfur, iron and steel; tractors and other agricultural machinery, electric motors, construction materials
Industrial production growth rate:
8.8% (2003 est.)
Electricity - production:
52.43 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 84.3%
hydro: 15.7%
other: 0% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
48.36 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
3.6 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
3.2 billion kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
798,200 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
195,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Oil - proved reserves:
2.709 billion bbl (1 January 2002)
Natural gas - production:
10.08 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
14.3 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
4.1 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
8.3 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
920.3 billion cu m (1 January 2002)
Agriculture - products:
grain (mostly spring wheat), cotton; livestock
Current account balance:
$-68.8 million (2003)
Exports:
$12.72 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities:
oil and oil products 58%, ferrous metals 24%, chemicals 5%, machinery 3%, grain, wool, meat, coal (2001)
Exports - partners:
Bermuda 16.8%, Russia 15.5%, China 10.3%, Germany 9.4%, Switzerland 6.3% (2003 est.)
Imports:
$8.621 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities:
machinery and equipment 41%, metal products 28%, foodstuffs 8% (2001)
Imports - partners:
Russia 34.9%, China 18.4%, Germany 9.1% (2003 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold:
$4.962 billion (2003)
Debt - external:
$24.45 billion (2003 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
$610 million in US assistance programs, 1992-2000 (2000)
Currency:
tenge (KZT)
Currency code:
KZT
Exchange rates:
tenge per US dollar - 149.576 (2003), 153.279 (2002), 146.736 (2001), 142.133 (2000), 119.523 (1999)
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