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Jordan Economy
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $23.64 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
3.1% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
purchasing power parity - $4,300 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 3.6%
industry: 29%
services: 67.4% (2003 est.)
Investment (gross fixed):
18.8% of GDP (2003)
Population below poverty line:
30% (2001 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 3.3%
highest 10%: 29.8% (1997)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
36.4 (1997)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
2.4% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
1.36 million (2003)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture 5%, industry 12.5%, services 82.5% (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate:
16% official rate; actual rate is 25%-30% (2001 est.)
Budget:
revenues: $2.397 billion
expenditures: $3.587 billion, including capital expenditures of $582 million (2003 est.)
Public debt:
92.7% of GDP (2003)
Industries:
phosphate mining, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, potash, light manufacturing, tourism
Industrial production growth rate:
3.5% (2003 est.)
Electricity - production:
7.091 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 99.4%
hydro: 0.6%
other: 0% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
6.86 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
2 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
267 million kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
40 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
103,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Oil - proved reserves:
445,000 bbl (1 January 2002)
Natural gas - production:
290 million cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
290 million cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
3.256 billion cu m (1 January 2002)
Agriculture - products:
wheat, barley, citrus, tomatoes, melons, olives; sheep, goats, poultry
Current account balance:
$903 million (2003)
Exports:
$2.908 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities:
clothing, phosphates, fertilizers, potash, vegetables, manufactures, pharmaceuticals
Exports - partners:
US 19%, Iraq 18.6%, India 8.6%, Saudi Arabia 5% (2003 est.)
Imports:
$4.946 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities:
crude oil, textile fabrics, machinery, transport equipment, manufactured goods
Imports - partners:
Iraq 12.5%, Germany 7.8%, US 7.7%, China 7.2%, Italy 5.2%, France 4.7%, UK 4.5% (2003 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold:
$5.364 billion (2003)
Debt - external:
$7.683 billion (2003 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
ODA, $553 million (2000 est.)
Currency code:
JOD
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