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Iraq Government
Capital:
Baghdad
Country name:
conventional long form: Republic of Iraq
conventional short form: Iraq
local short form: Al Iraq
local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Iraqiyah
Government type:
none; note - the Interim Government was appointed on 1 June 2004
Administrative divisions:
18 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Anbar, Al Basrah, Al Muthanna, Al Qadisiyah, An Najaf, Arbil, As Sulaymaniyah, At Ta'mim, Babil, Baghdad, Dahuk, Dhi Qar, Diyala, Karbala', Maysan, Ninawa, Salah ad Din, Wasit
Independence:
3 October 1932 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)
National holiday:
Revolution Day, 17 July (1968)
Constitution:
interim constitution signed 8 March 2004; note - new constitution to be drafted and ratified in 2005 referendum
Legal system:
NA
Suffrage:
formerly 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:

chief of state: President of Interim Government (IG) Ghazi al-YAWER (since 1 June 2004); Vice Presidents Ibrahim al-JAFARI and Rowsch SHAWAYS (since 1 June 2004); note - the President and Vice Presidents comprise the Presidency Council
head of government: Prime Minister of Interim Government (IG) Ayad ALLAWI (as of 28 June 2004)
elections: to be held in 2005
cabinet: 36 ministers appointed by the Presidency Council
Legislative branch:
Interim National Council to be formed in July 2004
Judicial branch:
Supreme Court appointed by the Prime Minister and to be confirmed by Presidency Council by 28 September 2004
Political parties and leaders:
NA
Political pressure groups and leaders:
NA
International organization participation:
ABEDA, ACC, AFESD, AMF, CAEU, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, LAS, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Rend al-Rahim FRANCKE (since 28 June 2004)
FAX: (202) 462-5066
telephone: (202) 483-7500
chancery: 1801 P Street, NW, Washington, D.C. 20036
Diplomatic representation from the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador John D. NEGROPONTE (since 23 June 2004)
chancery:
telephone: 00-1-240-553-0584 ext. 4354; note - Consular Section
FAX:
Flag description:
three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black with three green five-pointed stars in a horizontal line centered in the white band; the phrase allahu akbar (god is great) in green arabic script - allahu to the right of the middle star and akbar to the left of the middle star - was added in january 1991 during the persian gulf crisis; similar to the flag of syria, which has two stars but no script, yemen, which has a plain white band, and that of egypt which has a gold eagle of saladin centered in the white band; design is based upon the arab liberation colors
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