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Germany Transportation
Railways:
total: 46,039 km (20,100 km electrified)
standard gauge: 45,801 km 1.435-m gauge (20,084 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 214 km 1.000-m gauge (16 km electrified); 24 km 0.750-m gauge (2003)
Highways:
total: 230,735 km
paved: 230,735 km (including 11,515 km of expressways)
unpaved: 0 km (1999)
Waterways:
7,300 km
note: Rhine River carries most goods; Main-Danube Canal links North Sea and Black Sea (2004)
Pipelines:
condensate 325 km; gas 25,289 km; oil 3,743 km; refined products 3,827 km (2003)
Ports and harbors:
Berlin, Bonn, Brake, Bremen, Bremerhaven, Cologne, Dresden, Duisburg, Emden, Hamburg, Karlsruhe, Kiel, Luebeck, Magdeburg, Mannheim, Rostock, Stuttgart
Merchant marine:
total: 278 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 5,721,495 GRT/6,810,631 DWT
by type: cargo 71, chemical tanker 14, container 169, liquefied gas 3, multi-functional large load carrier 1, passenger 3, petroleum tanker 5, rail car carrier 2, roll on/roll off 3, short-sea/passenger 7
registered in other countries: 2,295 (2003 est.)
foreign-owned: Finland 4, Iceland 1, Netherlands 3
Airports:
550 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 331
over 3,047 m: 13
2,438 to 3,047 m: 51
914 to 1,523 m: 71
under 914 m: 134 (2003 est.)
1,524 to 2,437 m: 62
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 219
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
under 914 m: 185 (2003 est.)
914 to 1,523 m: 31
Heliports:
34 (2003 est.)
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