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Estonia Economy
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $17.35 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
4.7% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
purchasing power parity - $12,300 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 4.9%
industry: 30.3%
services: 64.8% (2003)
Investment (gross fixed):
30.2% of GDP (2003)
Population below poverty line:
NA (2000)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 3%
highest 10%: 29.8% (1998)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
37 (1999)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
1.3% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
654,000 (2003 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture 11%, industry 20%, services 69% (1999 est.)
Unemployment rate:
10.1% (2003)
Budget:
revenues: $3.806 billion
expenditures: $3.648 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2003 est.)
Public debt:
7.4% of GDP (2003)
Industries:
engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textile; information technology, telecommunications
Industrial production growth rate:
5% (2000 est.)
Electricity - production:
7.937 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 99.8%
hydro: 0.1%
other: 0.2% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
6.192 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
1.19 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
5,100 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
24,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
1.27 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
1.27 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products:
potatoes, vegetables; livestock and dairy products; fish
Current account balance:
$-1.15 billion (2003)
Exports:
$4.075 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities:
machinery and equipment 33%, wood and paper 15%, textiles 14%, food products 8%, furniture 7%, metals, chemical products (2001)
Exports - partners:
Finland 21.9%, Sweden 12.5%, Russia 11.5%, Germany 8.4%, Latvia 7.4%, Lithuania 4% (2003 est.)
Imports:
$5.535 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities:
machinery and equipment 33.5%, chemical products 11.6%, textiles 10.3%, foodstuffs 9.4%, transportation equipment 8.9% (2001)
Imports - partners:
Finland 15.9%, Germany 11.1%, Russia 10.2%, Sweden 7.7%, Ukraine 4.3%, China 4.2%, Japan 4.1% (2003 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold:
$1.377 billion (2003)
Debt - external:
$7.002 billion (2003 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
$108 million (2000)
Currency code:
EEK
Exchange rates:
krooni per US dollar - 13.8564 (2003), 16.6118 (2002), 17.4781 (2001), 16.9686 (2000), 14.6776 (1999)
Fiscal year:
calendar year
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