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Eritrea People
Population:
4,447,307 (July 2004 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 44.8% (male 998,404; female 993,349)
15-64 years: 51.9% (male 1,140,892; female 1,166,481)
65 years and over: 3.3% (male 72,776; female 75,405) (2004 est.)
Median age:
total: 17.5 years
male: 17.3 years
female: 17.7 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate:
2.57% (2004 est.)
Birth rate:
39.03 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate:
13.36 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: UNHCR began repatriating about 150,000 Eritrean refugees from Sudan in 2001 following the restoration of diplomatic relations between the two countries in 2000 (2004 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 75.59 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 67.94 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
male: 83.03 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 52.7 years
male: 51.32 years
female: 54.12 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate:
5.67 children born/woman (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
2.7% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
60,000 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
6,300 (2003 est.)
Nationality:
noun: Eritrean(s)
adjective: Eritrean
Ethnic groups:
ethnic Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%
Religions:
Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages:
Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages
Literacy:
definition: NA
total population: 58.6%
male: 69.9%
female: 47.6% (2003 est.)
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