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Canada Transportation
Railways:
total: 48,909 km
standard gauge: 48,909 km 1.435-m gauge (2003)
Highways:
total: 1,408,800 km
paved: 497,306 km (including 16,900 km of expressways)
unpaved: 911,494 km (2002)
Waterways:
631 km
note: in addition, the Saint Lawrence Seaway of 3,769 km, including the Saint Lawrence River of 3,058 km, is shared with the United States (2003)
Pipelines:
crude and refined oil 23,564 km; natural gas 74,980 km
Ports and harbors:
Becancour (Quebec), Churchill, Halifax, Hamilton, Montreal, New Westminster, Prince Rupert, Quebec, Saint John (New Brunswick), St. John's (Newfoundland), Sept Isles, Sydney, Trois-Rivieres, Thunder Bay, Toronto, Vancouver, Windsor
Merchant marine:
total: 119 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 1,784,229 GRT/2,657,499 DWT
foreign-owned: Germany 3, Hong Kong 2, Monaco 18, United Kingdom 3, United States 2
registered in other countries: 43 (2003 est.)
by type: barge carrier 1, bulk 59, cargo 13, chemical tanker 6, combination bulk 2, combination ore/oil 1, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 18, rail car carrier 1, roll on/roll off 11, short-sea/passenger 3, specialized tanker 1
Airports:
1,357 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 505
over 3,047 m: 18
2,438 to 3,047 m: 16
914 to 1,523 m: 246
under 914 m: 75 (2003 est.)
1,524 to 2,437 m: 150
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 852
1,524 to 2,437 m: 69
914 to 1,523 m: 359
under 914 m: 424 (2003 est.)
Heliports:
12 (2003 est.)
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