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Bulgaria Economy
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $57.13 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
4.3% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
purchasing power parity - $7,600 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 11.4%
industry: 30%
services: 58.6% (2003)
Investment (gross fixed):
19.6% of GDP (2003)
Population below poverty line:
13.4% (2002 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 4.5%
highest 10%: 22.8% (1997)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
26.4 (2001)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
2.3% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
3.333 million (2003 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture 26%, industry 31%, services 43% (1998 est.)
Unemployment rate:
14.3% (2003)
Budget:
revenues: $8.121 billion
expenditures: $8.121 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2003 est.)
Public debt:
48% of GDP (2003)
Industries:
electricity, gas and water; food, beverages and tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel
Industrial production growth rate:
6.3% (2003 est.)
Electricity - production:
41.38 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 47.8%
hydro: 8.1%
other: 0% (2001)
nuclear: 44.1%
Electricity - consumption:
32.52 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
6.79 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
830 million kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
603 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
94,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Oil - proved reserves:
8.1 million bbl (1 January 2002)
Natural gas - production:
4 million cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
5.804 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
5.8 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
3.724 billion cu m (1 January 2002)
Agriculture - products:
vegetables, fruits, tobacco, livestock, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets
Current account balance:
$-1.666 billion (2003)
Exports:
$7.337 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities:
clothing, footwear, iron and steel, machinery and equipment, fuels
Exports - partners:
Italy 14.6%, Germany 11.7%, Turkey 9.2%, US 5.8%, Greece 5.7%, Belgium 5.4%, France 5.1% (2003 est.)
Imports:
$9.723 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities:
fuels, minerals, and raw materials; machinery and equipment; metals and ores; chemicals and plastics; food, textiles
Imports - partners:
Germany 14.4%, Russia 12.6%, Italy 10.3%, Greece 6.7%, Turkey 6.2%, France 5.7% (2003 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold:
$6.705 billion (2003)
Debt - external:
$12.05 billion (2003)
Economic aid - recipient:
$300 million (2000 est.)
Currency:
lev (BGL)
Currency code:
BGN
Exchange rates:
leva per US dollar - 1.7327 (2003), 2.077 (2002), 2.1847 (2001), 2.1233 (2000), 1.8364 (1999)
note: on 5 July 1999, the lev was redenominated; the post-5 July 1999 lev is equal to 1,000 of the pre-5 July 1999 lev
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