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Brazil Transportation
Railways:
total: 29,412 km (1,610 km electrified)
broad gauge: 4,907 km 1.600-m gauge (942 km electrified)
standard gauge: 194 km 1.440-m gauge
dual gauge: 396 km 1.000-m and 1.600-m gauges (three rails) (78 km electrified) (2003)
narrow gauge: 23,915 km 1.000-m gauge (581 km electrified)
Highways:
total: 1,724,929 km
paved: 94,871 km
unpaved: 1,630,058 km (2000)
Waterways:
50,000 km (most in areas remote from industry and population) (2004)
Pipelines:
condensate/gas 243 km; gas 10,984 km; liquid petroleum gas 341 km; oil 5,113 km; refined products 4,800 km (2003)
Ports and harbors:
Belem, Fortaleza, Ilheus, Imbituba, Manaus, Paranagua, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande, Salvador, Santos, Vitoria
Merchant marine:
total: 151 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 2,961,431 GRT/4,725,267 DWT
by type: bulk 29, cargo 22, chemical tanker 7, combination ore/oil 6, container 12, liquefied gas 12, multi-functional large load carrier 1, passenger/cargo 5, petroleum tanker 48, roll on/roll off 8, short-sea/passenger 1
registered in other countries: 11 (2003 est.)
foreign-owned: Chile 2, Germany 7, Monaco 9, Panama 1, Spain 7
Airports:
3,803 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 677
over 3,047 m: 7
2,438 to 3,047 m: 23
914 to 1,523 m: 445
under 914 m: 45 (2003 est.)
1,524 to 2,437 m: 157
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 3,126
1,524 to 2,437 m: 75
914 to 1,523 m: 1,434
under 914 m: 1,617 (2003 est.)
Heliports:
417 (2003 est.)
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