CountryFacts.com > Bhutan
CountryFacts.com
Top 10 Countries *
United States
China
Japan
India
Germany
France
United Kingdom
Italy
Russia
Brazil
* By Gross Domestic
   Market (2002)
Bhutan
Capital:
Thimphu
Population:
2,185,569
note: other estimates range as low as 810,000 (July 2004 est.)
Flag
Background:
In 1865, Britain and Bhutan signed the Treaty of Sinchulu, under which Bhutan would receive an annual subsidy in exchange for ceding some border land. Under British influence, a monarchy was set up in 1907; three years later, a treaty was signed whereby the British agreed not to interfere in Bhutanese internal affairs and Bhutan allowed Britain to direct its foreign affairs. This role was assumed by independent India after 1947. Two years later, a formal Indo-Bhutanese accord returned the areas of Bhutan annexed by the British, formalized the annual subsidies the country received, and defined India's responsibilities in defense and foreign relations. A refugee issue of some 100,000 Bhutanese in Nepal remains unresolved; 90% of the refugees are housed in seven United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) camps.
Government type:
monarchy; special treaty relationship with India
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $2.7 billion (2002 est.)
Internet users:
15,000 (2003)
Map
Copyright © 2017 Digital Properties, LLC All Rights Reserved.