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Belarus Economy
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $62.56 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
6.8% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
purchasing power parity - $6,100 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 11.1%
industry: 36.4%
services: 52.5% (2003 est.)
Investment (gross fixed):
21.7% of GDP (2003)
Population below poverty line:
22% (1995 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 5.1%
highest 10%: 20% (1998)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
21.7 (1998)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
28.2% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
4.8 million (2000 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
NA
Unemployment rate:
2.1% officially registered unemployed (December 2000); large number of underemployed workers (2003 est.)
Budget:
revenues: $2.976 billion
expenditures: $3.211 billion, including capital expenditures of $180 million (2003 est.)
Industries:
metal-cutting machine tools, tractors, trucks, earthmovers, motorcycles, television sets, chemical fibers, fertilizer, textiles, radios, refrigerators
Industrial production growth rate:
5% (2003 est.)
Electricity - production:
24.4 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 99.5%
hydro: 0.1%
other: 0.4% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
26.69 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
300 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
4.3 billion kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
37,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
230,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Natural gas - production:
200 million cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
18 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
17.8 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products:
grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beets, flax; beef, milk
Current account balance:
$-945 million (2003)
Exports:
$9.413 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities:
machinery and equipment, mineral products, chemicals, metals; textiles, foodstuffs
Exports - partners:
Russia 57.2%, Germany 4.7%, France 3.9% (2003 est.)
Imports:
$11.09 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities:
mineral products, machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs, metals
Imports - partners:
Russia 68.8%, Germany 8.6%, Poland 2.9% (2003 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold:
$637 million (2003)
Debt - external:
$851 million (2001 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
$194.3 million (1995)
Currency code:
BYB/BYR
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