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Australia Transportation
Railways:
total: 44,015 km (5,290 km electrified)
broad gauge: 1,957 km 1.600-m gauge
standard gauge: 27,095 km 1.435-m gauge (2,828 km electrified)
dual gauge: 213 km dual gauge (2003)
narrow gauge: 14,957 km 1.067-m gauge (2,462 km electrified)
Highways:
total: 811,603 km
paved: 314,090 km (including 18,619 km of expressways)
unpaved: 497,513 km (1999 est.)
Waterways:
2,000 km (mainly used for recreation on Murray and Murray-Darling river systems) (2004)
Pipelines:
condensate 36 km; condensate/gas 243 km; gas 27,321 km; liquid petroleum gas 240 km; oil 4,779 km; oil/gas/water 104 km (2003)
Ports and harbors:
Adelaide, Brisbane, Cairns, Darwin, Devonport (Tasmania), Fremantle, Geelong, Hobart (Tasmania), Launceston (Tasmania), Mackay, Melbourne, Sydney, Townsville
Merchant marine:
total: 52 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 1,531,461 GRT/1,999,409 DWT
foreign-owned: United Kingdom 2, United States 12
registered in other countries: 60 (2003 est.)
by type: bulk 20, cargo 5, chemical tanker 3, combination bulk 2, container 3, liquefied gas 4, passenger 2, petroleum tanker 7, roll on/roll off 6
Airports:
444 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 297
over 3,047 m: 10
2,438 to 3,047 m: 12
1,524 to 2,437 m: 129
914 to 1,523 m: 133
under 914 m: 13 (2003 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 147
1,524 to 2,437 m: 17
914 to 1,523 m: 116
under 914 m: 14 (2003 est.)
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