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Albania
Capital:
Tirana
Population:
3,544,808 (July 2004 est.)
Flag
Background:
Between 1990 and 1992 Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic Communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. The transition has proven difficult as successive governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, a dilapidated infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks with links to high government officials, and disruptive political opponents. International observers judged parliamentary elections in 2001 to be acceptable and a step toward democratic development, but identified serious deficiencies. Some of these were addressed through reforms in the Albanian electoral code prior to the nationwide municipal elections in 2003.
Government type:
emerging democracy
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $16.13 billion (2003 est.)
Internet users:
30,000 (2003)
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